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Yes, so simple it is...

Test - PL A 1. Turbulent flow is:
the flow of air particles in different directions.
the flow of air particles in the same direction.
when the air particles are not moving.



2. When an aircraft is flying with such an angle of attack that its gliding ratio is ', it means that:
it will fly 10 km far from altitude 1 km in no wind.
it is flying under an angle 10° towards the ground.
it will fly 1 km in 10 s.



3. Select the correct statement regarding the position of the unconscious affected with a severe trauma:
An insured unconscious affected person should always be placed in position on her back with her head tilted back.
The basic rule is not to move the unconscious affected to eliminate the risk of further damage to the spine and spinal cord.
If the affected is in the current position reliably breathing, I leave him in this position.



4. What kind of change of flow speed and static pressure causes the widening of streamlines in a specified place?
The speed will decrease, the static pressure will increase.
The speed will decrease, the static pressure will decrease.
The speed will increase, the static pressure will increase.



5. On the bottom side of the wing in flight there is:
no pressure.
overpressure.
negative pressure.



6. When air flow is laminar:
there is no relative mix of streamlines.
there is a relative mix of streamlines but at the end of given aerofoil there are no significant eddies in the flow.
there is a relative mix of streamlines.



7. Which of the following pilot inputs increases the angle of attack?
Pulling the steering.
Releasing the steering.
Pushing the speed system.



8. In the moment of flying in a sinking currant the angle of attack:
does not change.
decreases.
increases.



9. In meteorology, storm is:
the most significant manifestation of convection in the free atmosphere.
a natural phenomenon accompanied by intensive rainfall and electrical discharges.
a phenomenon identical with the term "cold front”.



10. What are the characteristic signs of the weather on the leeward side of the mountains during Fohn?
Overcast, precipitation, good visibility.
Few clouds, unusual increase of temperature, low humidity, often strong winds.
Variable cloudiness and occasional rain, moderate or no wind.



11. The change of physical state ice - water vapor is called:
evaporation
condensation
sublimation



12. Dew point is:
the height of the zero isotherm.
a place over which a cloud will form.
the temperature to which air must be cooled to induce condensation.



13. Wind significantly affects air traffic:
in all its stages.
during landing and takeoff, but not in flight at flight level.
only in flight at flight level.



14. The 10 m/s wind speed is:
36 km/h.
33,3 km/h.
30 km/h.



15. In practice we converse wind speed in m/s into kt by formula:
1 m/s ~ 2 kt
1 m/s ~ 3 kt
1 m/s ~ 1 kt



16. What are the possible wind direction indicators in a strange place where there is no wind sock?
Positions of gliders on the ground which landed earlier.
Grass waves, smoke, tree shaking, moving dust or other light objects in the air.
Circling of birds of prey, direction of cloud shades movement and waves on water surfaces.



17. The take off control includes:
the check of canopy, carabiners, weather and space in the direction of flight and landing.
the check of glider and harness wear and tear, stitching, carabiners, helmet and instruments.
the check of harness, lines, canopy, weather and space.



18. I increase the flight speed by:
pulling a bit of steering.
depressing the speed system.
pulling the trimmers.



19. When entering a downdraft:
the canopy shoots forward and there is a danger of frontal collapse.
the canopy tilts sidewards and can get asymmetric collapse.
the canopy tilts backwards and can shoot forward afterwards.



20. When entering a thermal current:
the glider informs the pilot by its movements about the strength of the lift and usually also about which direction is better to turn.
the glider usually tends to collapse and therefore the pilot should break a bit before turning.
the canopy always tends to collapse and therefore the pilot must brake.



21. An asymmetric collapse of about 1/2 of the leading edge should be solved by:
weight shift into the non collapsed side and light break of the same side to keep the glider in straight flight.
weight shift into the collapsed side and light break of the non collapsed side to keep the glider in straight flight.
no inputs in steering letting the glider reinflate.



22. An aircraft on bearing 265 in a wind 085 is flying:
perpendicularly to the wind from left.
with the wind.
against the wind.



23. Direction south is reported by:
180°
360°
090°



24. 10 cm in map with 1 : 200 000 scale refers of real distance:
20 km
200 km
50 km



25. The horizontal velocity is given:
in knots.
in km/h, MPH or knots (kts).
in feet.



26. Time is reported:
in degrees.
in hours, minutes and seconds, so that a minute begins with 1. sec and ends with 60. sec.
in hours, minutes and seconds, so that a minute begins with 31. sec of a past minute and ends with 30. sec of actual minute.



27. Geographical meridian is:
a segment of a circle whose plane is perpendicular to the earth's axis.
a circle around the globe.
a half of meridian circle.



28. For emergency landing You would prefer:
buildings.
water.
trees.



29. When sucked in a vertically developed cloud the best to do is:
to perform the most effective escape maneuver and try to keep flying against the wind.
to keep circling through the cloud as high as possible and so fly over it.
to steer the glider straight into the lightest part of the cloud.



30. After an asymmetric collapse the correct procedure is:
pulling the steering on the not collapsed side quickly and fully to help the regeneration of the canopy.
no sudden piloting inputs; a certified paraglider will return into straight flight itself.
weight shift in the not collapsed side of the glider and brake the same side slightly to stop rotation.maximálně se vyklonit na nezaklopenou stranu a také ji přibrzdit tak, aby nedošlo k rotaci



31. A glider with an asymmetric collapse tends to:
fly on, but pilots tend to do unwise piloting inputs.
turn rapidly to the side with the collapse and then rotate or slowly return into straight flight.
fall quickly and therefore it is necessary to prevent such situations at any cost.



32. The reserve parachute is used so that:
Pull the rezerve parachute handle; when the needles are torn out, the reserve parachute opening system is activated.
By pulling the handle the reserve parachute is activated; the handle can be lost.
Pull the reserve parachute from the harness and throw it into a free space letting go the handle too.



33. Your last choice for emergency landing would always be:
electric wires.
a parking.
water surface.



34. An aircraft having priority must maintain its course and speed:
These conditions must not be changed.
This rule does not relieve the aircraft commander of responsibility to carry out such measures that will the best prevent a collision.
The course must be kept but speed can be changed.



35. A proof of liability insurance must be on board during all flights.
Yes.
No.
Not during an airport flight.



36. VFR flights in Class G airspace must be carried out so that the aircraft flew:
at a distance to the clouds more than 1,5 km horizontally and 150 m vertically.
at a distance to the clouds more than 5 km horizontally and 300 m vertically.
outside the clouds with permanent ground visibility.



37. An aircraft in flight or moving on the ground must give way to the aircraft:
which has no connection with the air traffic control cervices.
which received permission for landing approach.
which is landing or in the final approach to the landing.



38. Conducting a paragliding training is only allowed to:
a PG instructor and a PG instructor in training.
a competition pilot, a PG instructor and a PG instructor in training.
a sport pilot and a PG instructor.



39. What is it CTR?
Terminal controlled area.
An air space where VFR flights are forbidden.
Control zone of an airport.



40. Except for takeoff or landing, or except by permit issued by the Aviation Authority, a VFR flight must be conducted over the congested areas or gathering of people in the open air at a height that may not be less than:
300 m above the highest obstacle within a radius of 300 m from the aircraft.
150 m above the highest obstacle within a radius of 600 m from the aircraft.
300 m above the highest obstacle within a radius of 600 m from the aircraft.



41. Risers are:
up-going thermal currents.
the webbings which connect a glider's suspension lines to a pilot's harness.
pilots who get up early.



42. Initial examination includes:
finding the circumstances of the incident, the patient's problems and possible diseases which he is suffering.
fast check of the afflicted „from head to toe” with emphasis on injury signs.
vital functions check according to the chart A-B-C.



43. During an improvised transport of an unconscious afflicted:
special attention should be payed to caution and head fixation.
the process should be as fast as possible.
caution is not important because the unconscious afflicted doesn’t feel pain anyway.



44. After applying tourniquet the wound is still bleeding:
Loosen the tourniquet and lift the afflicted limb up.
The tourniquet needs tightening.
We need to use another compress bandage.



45. Resuscitation without artificial respiration is performed:
by continuous chest compression at rate of about 100 times per minute.
by chest compression at rate of about 100 times per minute; instead of artificial breath there is a break after every 30 compressions for 5 seconds.
by chest compression at rate of about 60 times per minute so that resultant minute rate would be the same as there was also the artificial respiration.



46. In practice, we can recognize the malfunction of blood stream (cardiac arrest) by the fact that:
the afflicted is unresponsive, does not breath or does only gasping breaths and does not move.
we cannot feel the heart beating on the chest.
we cannot feel the pulse at the carotid artery.



47. Choose the true statement about the obligation to provide first aid:
Everyone who witnesses an accident is obliged to provide first aid, regardless of the severity of injury and danger.
If there is serious injury, everybody is obliged to provide first aid; this assistance must not endanger the life or health of the firstaider.
The obligation to provide first aid is only moral and it is not legally enforceable.



48. Choose the true statement about improvised transport:
The priority of an improvised transport is speed.
The most important is that the afflicted stays in a slightly inclined position with head down during the whole transport.
Unless it is necessary the patient should not be transported before the arrival of professional assistance.



49. During ridge soaring after a collapse about 10 meters above ground a pilot landed hard on his left side; He is obviously shaken, however gets up, then collapses, is pale, reports pain in his hip, shakes, he wants to sleep, a little confused, but strictly refuses an offered call for an ambulance. The procedure will be:
We are trying to calm him down, keep him in a position which is the most comfortable for him, cover him and call the emergency services.
We lay him in shade into semi sitting position and check him occasionally during flying. If his condition gets worse, we call help.
We lay him in the anti-shock position with his feet up, cover him and call an ambulance.



50. „Surgical” rubber gloves:
are suitable for treatment of patients suspected of infectious disease.
should be used only in treatment of heavy bleeding or dirty wounds.
should be used for taking care of any injury.