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Yes, so simple it is...

Test - PL A 1. A paraglider stall occures when:
the glider overcomes the pilot when taking off.
the pilot breaks too much.
the speed system is pushed too fast.



2. Turbulent flow is:
when the air particles are not moving.
the flow of air particles in different directions.
the flow of air particles in the same direction.



3. On the bottom side of the wing in flight there is:
overpressure.
no pressure.
negative pressure.



4. On which part of the glider canopy is the largest lift, seen from the front?
At the side parts of the glider.
The lift is evenly distributed.
In the middle of the glider.



5. Spiral is a flight mode when:
the air flow doesn’t detach from the aerofoil.
the flow gets separated from the aerofoil on the outer side of the turning wing.
the flow gets separated from the aerofoil on the inner side of the turning wing.



6. When increasing the angle of attack:
the lift coefficient and drag coefficient increase.
the lift coefficient increases and drag coefficient decreases.
the lift coefficient and drag coefficient decrease.



7. If the angle of attack increases, the forward speed:
increases.
decreases.
stays the same.



8. The total weight of a pilot with all equipment is 100 kg and the area of the glider is 25 m2. The surface load of the paraglider is:
0.25 kg/m3
0.4 kg/m3
4 kg/m3



9. The most common wind direction in the valley caused by thermal effects is:
during the night towards the hill.
during the day towards the hill.
during the day down the hill.



10. What are the other two conditions, besides forces causing air lift, necessary for the creation of a thunderstorm?
Stable conditions and high air pressure.
Unstable conditions and high air humidity.
Unstable conditions and low air pressure.



11. On the northern hemisphere, the height of the troposphere, depending on latitude:
decreases from south to north.
increases from south to north.
is the same during the whole year.



12. The change of physical state water - water vapor is called:
evaporation
condensation
sublimation



13. Which of the following processes in the air layer may lead to the formation of cumulus and cumulonimbus cloudiness?
Convection.
Stable air layers lifting on frontal boundary.
Subsidence.



14. In the air mass without cloudiness, the air temperature at the surface is 15 ° C and 1000 m higher the temperature is 13 ° C. This layer of air is:
unstable.
stable.
conditionally unstable.



15. The high pressure - anticyclone - is the area of:
high atmospheric pressure with the highest value in its middle.
high atmospheric pressure rising in particular direction.
high atmospheric pressure with the highest value on its border.



16. What are the possible wind direction indicators in a strange place where there is no wind sock?
Circling of birds of prey, direction of cloud shades movement and waves on water surfaces.
Grass waves, smoke, tree shaking, moving dust or other light objects in the air.
Positions of gliders on the ground which landed earlier.



17. Spiral is performed by:
pulling at first both the brakes and then loosening one brake all the way up while the other pulling completely down - the paraglider descends circling in a dynamic and fast rotation.
a smooth transition from a turn into sharper and sharper turn via gradually increased brake input and body weight shift in the same side in which turning.
weight shift in the intended turning side, pulling the steering on that side and pulling down the front riser on the other side.



18. When entering a thermal current:
the glider informs the pilot by its movements about the strength of the lift and usually also about which direction is better to turn.
the canopy always tends to collapse and therefore the pilot must brake.
the glider usually tends to collapse and therefore the pilot should break a bit before turning.



19. How many items is there in the pre start check?
Seven.
Five.
Three.



20. An asymmetric collapse of about 1/2 of the leading edge should be solved by:
weight shift into the non collapsed side and light break of the same side to keep the glider in straight flight.
weight shift into the collapsed side and light break of the non collapsed side to keep the glider in straight flight.
no inputs in steering letting the glider reinflate.



21. By releasing the speed system the flight speed is:
increased.
decreased.
unaffected; only the angle of attack increases.



22. The difference between UTC and Central European Summer Time (CEST) time is:
There is no difference.
2 hours.
1 hour.



23. The flight velocity displayed by GPS is:
indicated air speed.
ground speed.
true air speed.



24. When performing comparative orientation it is always more reliable:
to locate and identify several landmarks.
to focus on one landmark.
to carefully view the terrain below the aircraft.



25. The most suitable maps for aeronautical navigation are:
maps with 1 : 500 000 scale.
the maps which truly reflect the topographic situation and angles.
those with precise angles.



26. When comparing the map with the terrain the most important is:
to carefully view the terrain ahead of the aircraft, alongside the aircraft and consistently compare the map with the terrain.
accurate compass.
accurate watch.



27. 10 cm in map with 1 : 200 000 scale refers of real distance:
50 km
20 km
200 km



28. Before a landing into still water it is necessary:
to jump out of the harness about 3 to 5 m above the water surface.
to turn the glider against the wind.
to undo the harness buckles so it was possible to leave it at the moment of contact with water.



29. If I stall the glider:
I use the reserve parachute; if there is not enough hight, I release the steering quickly.
I use the reserve parachute; if there is not enough hight, I hold the steering down firmly.
I release the steering continuously.



30. A glider with an asymmetric collapse tends to:
fall quickly and therefore it is necessary to prevent such situations at any cost.
turn rapidly to the side with the collapse and then rotate or slowly return into straight flight.
fly on, but pilots tend to do unwise piloting inputs.



31. During flight a pilot should have his cellphone (if it is available):
in the back harness pocket so it could not break or harm the pilot in case of accident.
in any place, because he cannot telephone during flight anyway.
in a place, where he can reach it by any hand from the flying position.



32. Use the reserve parachute without hesitating:
in rapid uncontrolable rotation.
after being blown behind a mountain ridge.
under a Cumulonimbus cloud.



33. In strong wind a pilot flew in a place where his ground speed against the wind is zero:
He should fly with sidewind or windwards as the terrain allows as far as possible to an alternative landing field.
He should keep flying against the wind and emergency-land in the terrain below him.
He should step in the speed bar and make big ears.



34. A proof of liability insurance must be on board during all flights.
Yes.
Not during an airport flight.
No.



35. A Czech paraglider technical certificate is issued:
always by a Paragliding Technical Inspector of LAA CR.
by a producer’s technical inspector for category „P” and by LAA CR for category „Z”.
always by a designated Paragliding Operations Inspector of LAA CR.



36. Airdrome traffic zone (ATZ) is of such dimensions:
a circle with a diameter of 3 NM (5.5 km), vertically from the ground to an altitude of 4000 feet (1200 meters).
a circle with a radius of 3 NM (5.5 km), vertically from the ground to an altitude of 4000 feet (1200 meters).
a circle with a diameter of 5.5 NM (10 km), vertically from the ground to an altitude of 4000 feet (1200 meters).



37. Responsibility of the pilot (commander) of the aircraft:
The aircraft commander has not the right to take a final decision on the execution of the flight.
The aircraft commander is responsible for execution of the flight under the rules of flying, let he alone controls the plane or not, except in cases when circumstances force a deviation from these rules in the interest of safety.
The aircraft commander is not responsible for the execution of the flight when he received takeoff clearance from air traffic control services.



38. The aircraft must not fly at such a distance from other aircraft that would:
create a collision hazard.
restrict the other aircraft.
be less then 150m.



39. Except for takeoff or landing or except by permission issued by the Authority a VFR flight must be conducted above the ground or water at a height of not less than:
150 m except for ridge soaring.
150 m
300 m



40. After landing at the airport, the altimeter set to the airport QFE indicates:
the airport altitude AMSL.
the airport altitude in standard atmosphere.
0.



41. Risers are:
pilots who get up early.
up-going thermal currents.
the webbings which connect a glider's suspension lines to a pilot's harness.



42. Initial examination includes:
finding the circumstances of the incident, the patient's problems and possible diseases which he is suffering.
fast check of the afflicted „from head to toe” with emphasis on injury signs.
vital functions check according to the chart A-B-C.



43. During ridge soaring after a collapse about 10 meters above ground a pilot landed hard on his left side; He is obviously shaken, however gets up, then collapses, is pale, reports pain in his hip, shakes, he wants to sleep, a little confused, but strictly refuses an offered call for an ambulance. The procedure will be:
We are trying to calm him down, keep him in a position which is the most comfortable for him, cover him and call the emergency services.
We lay him in shade into semi sitting position and check him occasionally during flying. If his condition gets worse, we call help.
We lay him in the anti-shock position with his feet up, cover him and call an ambulance.



44. A paraglider in a spin fell nearby. On our approach he lies on his back, unconscious, not breathing, bluish. No clearly visible injury is obvious. We'll call an ambulance and firstly:
lay the afflicted in the anti-shock position with head underlaid.
lay the afflicted in the stabilized position.
free the airway by backward head tilt.



45. An afflicted suddenly collapsed during the ascent of the hill, he is lying down not moving, takes a deep breath about once in twenty seconds. Another witness of the incident tries to feel pulse on his neck and reports weak and rapid pulse. It is necessary to call for help immediately and:
Turn the afflicted into a stabilized position because there is a risk of vomit aspiration.
Initiate artificial respiration because this breathing frequency is too low. Indirect heart massage is not needed because there are heartbeats and massage might damage lungs.
Initiate resuscitation. So called "gasping breaths" are typical of sudden cardiac arrest. Pulse palpation by layman is unreliable and is not used for large number of errors - the first aider can feel his own heartbeat.



46. Choose the true statement about the obligation to provide first aid:
Everyone who witnesses an accident is obliged to provide first aid, regardless of the severity of injury and danger.
The obligation to provide first aid is only moral and it is not legally enforceable.
If there is serious injury, everybody is obliged to provide first aid; this assistance must not endanger the life or health of the firstaider.



47. The A-B-C protocol in initial examination stands for:
1. open the Airway with a head tilt, 2. start the artificial respiration = Breathing, 3. start the chest Compressions.
Anamnesis, Breathing,Chest injury check.
1. check the Airway, 2. check the Breathing and 3. restore the Circulation (using Compressions).



48. Choose the true statement about using the thermal („space”) blanket:
The side doesn’t matter, the important is to wrap it tightly all around the patient.
This blanket can be also used as a tourniquet or improvised bandage.
The foil is a very good thermal isolation but does not protect against moisture - it can leak in strong rain.



49. Clearing the airway of unconscious patient is done primarily using:
forward head tilt.
stabilised position.
backward head tilt.



50. During an improvised transport of an afflicted:
the limbs should be stretched along the long axis of body.
the head should be placed so that it could move in response to terrain unevenness.
the specific position is not a question but the fact that the afflicted is fixed and the position does not change suddenly.