Check out how you stand with your knowledge to obtain a paragliding pilot's license.
Unsure or don't know the correct answer? Learn everything you need right in our online classroom.
Yes, so simple it is...

Test - PL A 1. The separation of streamlines is when:
turbulent flow around the upper surface of the wing switches to laminar flow.
the airflow becomes detached from the surface of the aerofoil.
the streamlines leave the aerofoil after copying its shape.



2. Lift is:
a force generated by flow around a profile perpendicular to the drag force.
the resultant aerodynamic force generated by flow around a profile.
an area resistance given by the angle of attack.



3. Turning of a paraglider is the result of:
changes of the size of projected area of the canopy.
changes in the distribution of aerodynamic forces on the canopy.
changes in the distribution of aerodynamic forces on one half of the canopy.



4. Glide ratio is influenced only by:
the angle of attack (i.e. lift and drag coefficients).
the velocity of flow.
total weight.



5. When a paraglider is in steady flight in an ideal environment (no wind) at a glide ratio 6, then it means that:
it will fly 1 km far from the altitude of 6 km.
it will fly 6 km far from the altitude of 1 km.
its velocity is 6 m/s.



6. What size and direction is the resultant aerodynamic force in a steady gliding flight?
It is equally oriented but smaller then gravity force and that is why the paraglider in steady air always descends.
It is oppositely oriented but smaller then gravity force and that is why the paraglider in steady air always descends.
It is the same size and of the opposite direction as the gravityy force.



7. The aircraft falls when:
the aircraft take off weight is higher then maximum allowed.
it gets over the critical angle of attack.
the pilot makes too sharp turn.



8. The paraglider glide ratio is defined as:
the relation between the glider performance and vertical speed.
the weight and lift ratio.
the ratio between the horizontal and vertical velocity component of the paraglider.



9. Dew point is:
a place over which a cloud will form.
the temperature to which air must be cooled to induce condensation.
the height of the zero isotherm.



10. Hazardous phenomena associated with a I. kind cold front are usually:
Only low level clouds of stratiform types.
strong gusty surface wind.
Cb - cumulonimbus clouds at the head of the front hidden in low stratiform clouds, turbulence and icing.



11. Frontal fog forms usually on:
worm fronts.
II. type cold fronts.
stationary fronts.



12. In the definition of standard atmosphere the pressure and temperature values at mean sea level are:
1013,25 hPa, 0°C
1015 hPa, +10°C
1013,25 hPa, +15°C



13. When I. kind cold front passes, the precipitation zone is:
after the front line.
before the front line.
at the front line.



14. What weather conditions are expected in temperate latitudes over land in summer in the middle of a stationary area of high pressure?
Thunderstorms, clear air and strong winds.
Ns clouds.
Weak winds, haze.



15. On the northern hemisphere, the height of the troposphere, depending on latitude:
increases from south to north.
is the same during the whole year.
decreases from south to north.



16. The take off direction and place choice is subject to:
the wind reported by the nearest meteorological station.
the wind in the valley by the landing zone.
the wind at the take off considering the wind direction above the mountain ridge.



17. When entering a downdraft:
the canopy tilts backwards and can shoot forward afterwards.
the canopy shoots forward and there is a danger of frontal collapse.
the canopy tilts sidewards and can get asymmetric collapse.



18. By releasing the speed system the flight speed is:
decreased.
increased.
unaffected; only the angle of attack increases.



19. When entering a thermal current:
the canopy shoots forward and can collapse.
the canopy lilts backwards and can shoot forward afterwards.
the canopy tilts sidewards and can get asymmetric collapse.



20. Ridge soaring is practiced so that:
we fly alongside a slope at its windward side turning 180° into the wind at the turn points.
we soar the wind wave just above the mountain ridge turning 180° at the turn points no matter what direction.
we fly alongside a slope just above its lee side turning 180° into the wind at the turn points which means against the slope.



21. What does the term „spin” mean?
Symmetric paragider stall.
Asymmetrical (one side) paraglider stall.
A spiral.



22. The most suitable maps for aeronautical navigation are:
those with precise angles.
maps with 1 : 500 000 scale.
the maps which truly reflect the topographic situation and angles.



23. When comparing the map with the terrain the most important is:
accurate watch.
to carefully view the terrain ahead of the aircraft, alongside the aircraft and consistently compare the map with the terrain.
accurate compass.



24. Time of sunrise and sunset varies:
depending on the intensity of sunlight.
influenced by the magnetic field of the Earth.
with annual periods.



25. When performing comparative orientation it is always more reliable:
to locate and identify several landmarks.
to carefully view the terrain below the aircraft.
to focus on one landmark.



26. An aircraft on bearing 265 in a wind 085 is flying:
against the wind.
perpendicularly to the wind from left.
with the wind.



27. Sooner then in Prague, the sun rises in:
London.
Paris.
Moscow.



28. During flight a pilot should have his cellphone (if it is available):
in a place, where he can reach it by any hand from the flying position.
in the back harness pocket so it could not break or harm the pilot in case of accident.
in any place, because he cannot telephone during flight anyway.



29. When flying on speed system:
The paraglider will increase its speed and it will be more stabile thanks to better flow.
The paraglider is prone to symmetrical or asymmetrical collapses.
The paraglider will increase its speed and will be more prone to symmetrical or asymmetrical collapses.



30. The best when blown behind a ridge is: Při přefouknutí přes kopec je nejbezpečnější
to fly with the wind as far as possible to a possible emergency landing field.
to do big ears which will help to fly through turbulences by increasing surface load of the wing.
to use a reserve parachute which is more stable in turbulences.



31. If one side of canopy is stalled, the pilot should:
pull the second steering fully and then release both.
release the steering continuously.
hold down the already pulled steering and counter-steer the rotation by weight-shift.



32. The reserve parachute is used so that:
Pull the rezerve parachute handle; when the needles are torn out, the reserve parachute opening system is activated.
By pulling the handle the reserve parachute is activated; the handle can be lost.
Pull the reserve parachute from the harness and throw it into a free space letting go the handle too.



33. If a pilot is being dragged by strong wind along the ground, he should:
wait until the glider stops itself.
pull the A risers or lines.
pull the steering lines or rear lines/risers.



34. The aircraft must not fly at such a distance from other aircraft that would:
restrict the other aircraft.
be less then 150m.
create a collision hazard.



35. After landing at the airport, the altimeter set to the airport QFE indicates:
the airport altitude AMSL.
0.
the airport altitude in standard atmosphere.



36. Restricted air space (LK R):
must not be passed through.
can be passed through under specified conditions.
must be passed through.



37. Verifying whether a paraglider technical certificate is valid is a duty of:
the head of air traffic.
the aircraft commander (pilot).
the operator.



38. VFR flights in C, D and E classes airspace may be carried out at a distance from clouds:
at least 1500 m horizontally and 300 m vertically.
outside the clouds and in visibility of ground.
only the first at the cloud base pilot can fly in into the cloud.



39. In G class airspace there is:
a request of permanent two way connection.
a request of connection for flights above 150 m AGL.
no request of connection.



40. When two light aircrafts are flying on intersecting tracks in free space, the right of way is of the light aircraft flying:
from the left.
from the right.
against the sun.



41. A paraglider is the most damaged by:
winch tow flying, powered paragliding and operation on wet grass.
UV rays, wet storage and abrasion.
sun and wrong packing.



42. Initial examination includes:
fast check of the afflicted „from head to toe” with emphasis on injury signs.
vital functions check according to the chart A-B-C.
finding the circumstances of the incident, the patient's problems and possible diseases which he is suffering.



43. Unless prevented by special circumstances, the best for the accident afflicted is:
a position that the afflicted person wants to take.
the "Anti-shock" position with legs and arms raised as high as possible„
a position on the side („stabilized” or „recovery” position).



44. Improvised tourniquet is to be applied:
anywhere between the wound and heart.
only at arm or thigh, between a wound and heart.
always about 10 - 15 cm above the wound.



45. The best way of use of the „anti-shock” foil (thermal blanket) is:
The afflicted is tightly wraped into it including head, only face is uncovered.
The afflicted is carefully covered with it.
It is laid under the afflicted.



46. If the unconscious afflicted is not breathing:
We start the resuscitation immediately.
We promptly transport him to the professional medical service.
First we try to free the airway.



47. Choose the true statement about heat loss after an injury:
Maintaining body temperature is one of the most energy-intensive vital processes. Fight against heat loss therefore belongs - especially with severe injuries - amongst life-saving acts with high priority.
Preventing heat loss is especially important because possible hypothermia is unpleasant and stressful for the afflicted. But this is not the priority for first aid.
Mild hypothermia is in terms of first aid advantageous because it inhibits the metabolic processes and thus slows the onset of shock. Severe and prolonged hypothermia is harmful, preventing heat loss is therefore of particular importance for injuries in the winter and in poorly accessible terrain.



48. Choose the true statement about tactics when you are a witness of a severe injury:
First, you need to restore vital functions as quickly as possible, and only then deal with calling for help.
Before calling an emergency service it is appropriate to make at least indicative examination where the accident happened, what happened and how many affected there are.
If we witness an accident, we call emergency service after a thorough examination, to make sure that the situation is really serious.



49. If one layer of pressure bandage is not enough to stop bleeding from a wound on leg:
We apply another 1 or 2 layers or, if still not enough, use a tourniquet.
We urge the arrival of emergency services and re-emphasize the urgency of the case.
We take off the old bandage and apply a new one and tighten it better.



50. Choose the true statement about improvised transport:
The most important is that the afflicted stays in a slightly inclined position with head down during the whole transport.
Unless it is necessary the patient should not be transported before the arrival of professional assistance.
The priority of an improvised transport is speed.