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Yes, so simple it is...

Test - PL A 1. The aerodynamic drag is a sum of:
parasitic drag and supportive drag.
form drag, friction drag, induced drag and interference drag.
parasitic drag, form drag, interference drag and rolling drag.



2. If the pilot weight increases, the wing glide ratio:
increases.
stays the same.
decreases.



3. The inner wing side angle of attack of a turning paraglider:
is not changing.
is changing due to a change of trailing edge position.
is changing because the wing banks in the same moment.



4. If the pilot weight increases the paraglider or powered paraglider speed:
does not change.
increases.
decreases.



5. When the surface load changes the glide ratio:
does not change because the relation between lift coefficient and drag coefficient does not change.
changes because effective bearing area is the same.
changes because the relation between lift and drag does not change.



6. Lift is:
the resultant aerodynamic force generated by flow around a profile.
an area resistance given by the angle of attack.
a force generated by flow around a profile perpendicular to the drag force.



7. The lift acts:
always perpendicularly to the direction of flow attacking the aerofoil.
always upwards from the aerofoil.
always perpendicularly to the chord.



8. Which of the following pilot inputs increases the angle of attack?
Pushing the speed system.
Releasing the steering.
Pulling the steering.



9. An aircraft is flying at a very warm day across the Alps. The weather is good and there is an anticyclone in the area. The aircraft is flying by a mountain at the hight of its summit. What value is the altimeter showing compared to the summit altitude?
A lower height than the summit altitude.
A higher height than the summit altitude.
The same height as the summit altitude.



10. Convective activity in the mid-latitudes is the greatest:
in winter at midday.
at noon.
in summer at midday.



11. What type of precipitation can be expected on an active cold front?
Showers and thunderstorms.
Drizzle.
Light persistent rain.



12. In troposphere, at vertical rise of 100 m the pressure drop:
is lower in higher altitudes then in lower altitudes.
is higher in higher altitudes then in lower altitudes.
is the same in all altitudes.



13. In the definition of standard atmosphere the pressure and temperature values at mean sea level are:
1013,25 hPa, 0°C
1015 hPa, +10°C
1013,25 hPa, +15°C



14. The speed of a thermal current depends on:
time of day and season.
instability rate and air warming from the ground surface.
uneven heating of cyclonic thermal convective clouds.



15. The 10 m/s wind speed is:
30 km/h.
33,3 km/h.
36 km/h.



16. The heading of aircraft and its direction of movement compare to ground is:
the same when flying in no wind or with the wind exactly from left or right.
always the same.
the same when flying in no wind or exactly against the wind or with the wind.



17. So called escaping maneuvers include:
spiral, big ears and B-stall.
spiral, spin and B-stall.
spiral, full-stall and B-stall.



18. When entering a thermal current:
the canopy shoots forward and can collapse.
the canopy lilts backwards and can shoot forward afterwards.
the canopy tilts sidewards and can get asymmetric collapse.



19. The take off direction and place choice is subject to:
the wind in the valley by the landing zone.
the wind reported by the nearest meteorological station.
the wind at the take off considering the wind direction above the mountain ridge.



20. An asymmetric collapse of about 1/2 of the leading edge should be solved by:
no inputs in steering letting the glider reinflate.
weight shift into the collapsed side and light break of the non collapsed side to keep the glider in straight flight.
weight shift into the non collapsed side and light break of the same side to keep the glider in straight flight.



21. When entering a thermal current:
the canopy always tends to collapse and therefore the pilot must brake.
the glider usually tends to collapse and therefore the pilot should break a bit before turning.
the glider informs the pilot by its movements about the strength of the lift and usually also about which direction is better to turn.



22. Time is reported:
in hours, minutes and seconds, so that a minute begins with 1. sec and ends with 60. sec.
in hours, minutes and seconds, so that a minute begins with 31. sec of a past minute and ends with 30. sec of actual minute.
in degrees.



23. The location of geographical and magnetic poles is:
not identical.
identical.
The magnetic pole is always to the east from the geographical pole.



24. 225 degrees is direction:
south west.
north west.
south east.



25. Direction south is reported by:
090°
180°
360°



26. Contour lines are curves connecting points of the same:
alitude.
negative hight, so called dephtines.
declination.



27. Geographic coordinates indicate:
certain place name.
time zone position.
certain geographical location.



28. The reserve parachute is used so that:
Pull the reserve parachute from the harness and throw it into a free space letting go the handle too.
Pull the rezerve parachute handle; when the needles are torn out, the reserve parachute opening system is activated.
By pulling the handle the reserve parachute is activated; the handle can be lost.



29. If one side of canopy is stalled, the pilot should:
hold down the already pulled steering and counter-steer the rotation by weight-shift.
release the steering continuously.
pull the second steering fully and then release both.



30. In strong wind a pilot flew in a place where his ground speed against the wind is zero:
He should step in the speed bar and make big ears.
He should fly with sidewind or windwards as the terrain allows as far as possible to an alternative landing field.
He should keep flying against the wind and emergency-land in the terrain below him.



31. Use the reserve parachute without hesitating:
after being blown behind a mountain ridge.
under a Cumulonimbus cloud.
in rapid uncontrolable rotation.



32. For emergency landing You would prefer:
trees.
water.
buildings.



33. During flight a pilot should have his cellphone (if it is available):
in a place, where he can reach it by any hand from the flying position.
in any place, because he cannot telephone during flight anyway.
in the back harness pocket so it could not break or harm the pilot in case of accident.



34. Conducting a paragliding training is only allowed to:
a competition pilot, a PG instructor and a PG instructor in training.
a sport pilot and a PG instructor.
a PG instructor and a PG instructor in training.



35. The aircraft must not fly at such a distance from other aircraft that would:
restrict the other aircraft.
be less then 150m.
create a collision hazard.



36. Responsibility of the pilot (commander) of the aircraft:
The aircraft commander is not responsible for the execution of the flight when he received takeoff clearance from air traffic control services.
The aircraft commander is responsible for execution of the flight under the rules of flying, let he alone controls the plane or not, except in cases when circumstances force a deviation from these rules in the interest of safety.
The aircraft commander has not the right to take a final decision on the execution of the flight.



37. An aircraft having priority must maintain its course and speed:
The course must be kept but speed can be changed.
These conditions must not be changed.
This rule does not relieve the aircraft commander of responsibility to carry out such measures that will the best prevent a collision.



38. What is it CTR?
Control zone of an airport.
Terminal controlled area.
An air space where VFR flights are forbidden.



39. Upper limit of G class airspace is in:
300 m AGL
300 m STD
300 m AMSL



40. A pilot must always have:
a proof of identity, a pilot's license or a student document, the airworthiness certificate, a proof of insurance for damage caused the aircraft operation, medical certificate of flying eligibility.
a proof of identity, a pilot's license or a student document, the technical certificate of the aircraft, a proof of insurance for damage caused by the aircraft operation.
a pilot's license or a student document, the airworthiness certificate, a proof of insurance for damage caused the aircraft operation, medical certificate of flying eligibility.



41. Risers are:
pilots who get up early.
the webbings which connect a glider's suspension lines to a pilot's harness.
up-going thermal currents.



42. Initial examination includes:
finding the circumstances of the incident, the patient's problems and possible diseases which he is suffering.
fast check of the afflicted „from head to toe” with emphasis on injury signs.
vital functions check according to the chart A-B-C.



43. Choose the true statement about heat loss after an injury:
Mild hypothermia is in terms of first aid advantageous because it inhibits the metabolic processes and thus slows the onset of shock. Severe and prolonged hypothermia is harmful, preventing heat loss is therefore of particular importance for injuries in the winter and in poorly accessible terrain.
Preventing heat loss is especially important because possible hypothermia is unpleasant and stressful for the afflicted. But this is not the priority for first aid.
Maintaining body temperature is one of the most energy-intensive vital processes. Fight against heat loss therefore belongs - especially with severe injuries - amongst life-saving acts with high priority.



44. During an improvised transport of an unconscious afflicted:
caution is not important because the unconscious afflicted doesn’t feel pain anyway.
the process should be as fast as possible.
special attention should be payed to caution and head fixation.



45. During an improvised transport of an afflicted:
the limbs should be stretched along the long axis of body.
the specific position is not a question but the fact that the afflicted is fixed and the position does not change suddenly.
the head should be placed so that it could move in response to terrain unevenness.



46. Choose the true statement about the obligation to provide first aid:
If there is serious injury, everybody is obliged to provide first aid; this assistance must not endanger the life or health of the firstaider.
Everyone who witnesses an accident is obliged to provide first aid, regardless of the severity of injury and danger.
The obligation to provide first aid is only moral and it is not legally enforceable.



47. Unless prevented by special circumstances, the best for the accident afflicted is:
the "Anti-shock" position with legs and arms raised as high as possible„
a position on the side („stabilized” or „recovery” position).
a position that the afflicted person wants to take.



48. Signal to perform by a person on the ground to cancel the need of rescue helicopter landing is:
to stand with one arm up and second arm along the body (a paraphrase of the letter N).
to wave by any object of red color.
to stand and rhythmically move arms up and down wit palms turned upwards.



49. "Gasping breaths" mean:
noticeably noisy breaths in fast pace; these breaths are typical for developing shock-like state.
noticeably fast but quiet and shallow breathing, typical for a patient with an airway obstruction.
individual breaths in noticeably long intervals by the unconscious afflicted; these breaths are typical for cardiac arrest.



50. After applying tourniquet the wound is still bleeding:
Loosen the tourniquet and lift the afflicted limb up.
The tourniquet needs tightening.
We need to use another compress bandage.