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Yes, so simple it is...

Test - PL A 1. The wing aspect ratio:
is a relationship between span squared and wing surface.
is a relationship between chord length and air foil thickens.
is a relationship between span and air foil thickness.



2. The glide ratio relative to ground:
is changing when flying in wind.
is not changing when flying in wind because the bearing area is still the same.
is changing with weight changes.



3. The lift acts:
always upwards from the aerofoil.
always perpendicularly to the direction of flow attacking the aerofoil.
always perpendicularly to the chord.



4. The inner wing side angle of attack of a turning paraglider:
is not changing.
is changing due to a change of trailing edge position.
is changing because the wing banks in the same moment.



5. The optimal gliding ratio can be flown:
with two different angles of attack.
with just one angle of attack.
with critical angle of attack.



6. In a normal steady flight:
there is overpressure on the upper surface and negative pressure on the lower surface of the wing.
there is negative pressure on the upper surface and overpressure on the lower surface of the wing.
there is overpressure on the upper and lower surface of the wing.



7. Spiral is a flight mode when:
the air flow doesn’t detach from the aerofoil.
the flow gets separated from the aerofoil on the outer side of the turning wing.
the flow gets separated from the aerofoil on the inner side of the turning wing.



8. The induced drag can be reduced by:
aspect ratio and favorable wing tip shape.
the air foil thickness and special
the wing arrow and air foil thickness.



9. At a stable temperature stratification and strong wind which increases with height, behind a terrain obstacle occures a flow fenomenon called:
Vortex.
Turbulence.
Wave.



10. In the area of high pressure in the northern hemisphere the wind close to the ground is blowing:
counter clockwise.
strait out from the middle of high pressure in the whole area.
clockwise.



11. What temperature stratification is favorable for the occurence of vertical motions in the troposphere?
instable
indifferent
stable



12. Vertical robustness of the troposphere is the lowest:
in temperate zones.
above poles.
above Equator areas.



13. Which of clouds forming on the forehead of cold front is the most dangerous for air traffic?
Ns – nimbostratus
As – altostratus
Cb – cumulonimbus



14. In the definition of standard atmosphere the pressure and temperature values at mean sea level are:
1015 hPa, +10°C
1013,25 hPa, +15°C
1013,25 hPa, 0°C



15. The land breeze:
blows during a day and is stronger than the see breeze.
blows at night and is weaker than the see breeze.
blows during a day and is weaker than the see breeze.



16. How many items is there in the pre start check?
Five.
Three.
Seven.



17. When entering a downdraft:
the canopy tilts sidewards and can get asymmetric collapse.
the canopy shoots forward and there is a danger of frontal collapse.
the canopy tilts backwards and can shoot forward afterwards.



18. By releasing the speed system the flight speed is:
decreased.
unaffected; only the angle of attack increases.
increased.



19. Ridge soaring is practiced so that:
we fly alongside a slope just above its lee side turning 180° into the wind at the turn points which means against the slope.
we soar the wind wave just above the mountain ridge turning 180° at the turn points no matter what direction.
we fly alongside a slope at its windward side turning 180° into the wind at the turn points.



20. In stronger wind it is better to take off:
so that the canopy is at the level of mountain top and the pilot a bit lower.
down at a sufficient distance from the mountain top.
at the top of the mountain.



21. The heading of aircraft and its direction of movement compare to ground is:
the same when flying in no wind or exactly against the wind or with the wind.
the same when flying in no wind or with the wind exactly from left or right.
always the same.



22. When performing comparative orientation it is always more reliable:
to focus on one landmark.
to locate and identify several landmarks.
to carefully view the terrain below the aircraft.



23. Time is reported:
in hours, minutes and seconds, so that a minute begins with 1. sec and ends with 60. sec.
in degrees.
in hours, minutes and seconds, so that a minute begins with 31. sec of a past minute and ends with 30. sec of actual minute.



24. Comparative navigation involves:
comparing terrain with a map and vice versa.
comparison of data of navigation devices (GPS) with a map.
comparing the calculated times with the reality.



25. 9 cm in map with 1 : 500 000 scale refers of real distance:
60 km
50 km
45 km



26. Magnetic course is measured:
from geographical north of local meridian.
from prime meridian.
from bearing indicator.



27. Time of sunrise and sunset varies:
depending on the intensity of sunlight.
influenced by the magnetic field of the Earth.
with annual periods.



28. You miscounted the landing approach and need to shorten it. You are 30 m above the ground:
By pulling tips of the wing via the right lines you can reduce the effective surface of the wing and glide under a better angle to the ground.
By flying in figure eight or S turns you loose hight before the final glide.
In such altitude is best to make a 360 turn.



29. Use the reserve parachute without hesitating:
after being blown behind a mountain ridge.
under a Cumulonimbus cloud.
in rapid uncontrolable rotation.



30. Before a landing into still water it is necessary:
to jump out of the harness about 3 to 5 m above the water surface.
to undo the harness buckles so it was possible to leave it at the moment of contact with water.
to turn the glider against the wind.



31. During ground handling training the glider lifts the pilot above the ground in a wind gust unexpectedly. The correct procedure is:
to release the steering and fly, steer and land back to the ground.
to pull and release the steering repeatedly and by such flapping go back to the ground.
to pull the steering fully.



32. In mid-air collision about 50 to 100 m above the terrain the correct procedure is:
stalling the glider and so clear the contact with the other aircraft.
using the reserve parachute.
to execute a descending maneuvre.



33. A glider with an asymmetric collapse tends to:
turn rapidly to the side with the collapse and then rotate or slowly return into straight flight.
fall quickly and therefore it is necessary to prevent such situations at any cost.
fly on, but pilots tend to do unwise piloting inputs.



34. An overtaking plane is that which approaches the overtaken aircraft from behind on a line forming with a plane of symmetry of the overtaken aircraft angle of less than:
70 degrees.
80 degrees.
60 degrees.



35. Two of the same category aircrafts are flying in one track against each other. Na vstřícné trati letí letadla stejné kategorie. Actions of avoidance are:
Both aircrafts will change their curse to the left.
Both aircrafts will change their curse to the right.
You will turn to the right, the other aircraft will turn to the left.



36. The paraglider canopy is damaged mostly by:
storage in dark and dry rooms.
mice and other wild rodents.
UV rays, mechanical abrasion and humidity.



37. What is it CTR?
Control zone of an airport.
Terminal controlled area.
An air space where VFR flights are forbidden.



38. Responsibility of the pilot (commander) of the aircraft:
The aircraft commander is not responsible for the execution of the flight when he received takeoff clearance from air traffic control services.
The aircraft commander has not the right to take a final decision on the execution of the flight.
The aircraft commander is responsible for execution of the flight under the rules of flying, let he alone controls the plane or not, except in cases when circumstances force a deviation from these rules in the interest of safety.



39. To recalculate a figure in meters into figure in feet we use the simplified formula:
(m x 3) + 10%
(m : 10) x 3
(m x 3) : 10



40. Verifying whether a paraglider technical certificate is valid is a duty of:
the operator.
the aircraft commander (pilot).
the head of air traffic.



41. A paraglider is the most damaged by:
winch tow flying, powered paragliding and operation on wet grass.
sun and wrong packing.
UV rays, wet storage and abrasion.



42. Risers are:
the webbings which connect a glider's suspension lines to a pilot's harness.
up-going thermal currents.
pilots who get up early.



43. If it is obvious that the action of rescue helicopter is necessary, in the Czech Republic it is preferably needed to call number:
155
112
1210



44. A layperson without special training is performing resuscitation:
by chest compressions only.
by chest compressions and artificial respiration in ratio 30:2.
by chest compressions and artificial respiration in ratio 15:2.



45. The most essential first aid actions that can be performed in the event of serious accident are:
fixing the bone fractures, treatment of wounds and abrasions.
gentle transportation to the place of professional help.
to stop heavy bleeding, clearing the airway and fight against heat loss.



46. "Secondary examination" of an injury afflicted means:
an examination by another independent person to verify the initial conclusions.
an inspection of afflicted "head to toe" in order to uncover any injury changes on body.
the second (and next) control examination to determine if there is a deterioration in the status.



47. A pilot should have his mobile phone:
placed so that it could be reached in any position of pilot’s body.
placed in the pocket of the harness so that it could not cause any injury in case of an accident.
switched off because the aviation regulations forbid the use of mobile phones in flight.



48. The best way of use of the „anti-shock” foil (thermal blanket) is:
The afflicted is tightly wraped into it including head, only face is uncovered.
The afflicted is carefully covered with it.
It is laid under the afflicted.



49. If the unconscious afflicted is not breathing:
First we try to free the airway.
We start the resuscitation immediately.
We promptly transport him to the professional medical service.



50. An afflicted suddenly collapsed during the ascent of the hill, he is lying down not moving, takes a deep breath about once in twenty seconds. Another witness of the incident tries to feel pulse on his neck and reports weak and rapid pulse. It is necessary to call for help immediately and:
Turn the afflicted into a stabilized position because there is a risk of vomit aspiration.
Initiate resuscitation. So called "gasping breaths" are typical of sudden cardiac arrest. Pulse palpation by layman is unreliable and is not used for large number of errors - the first aider can feel his own heartbeat.
Initiate artificial respiration because this breathing frequency is too low. Indirect heart massage is not needed because there are heartbeats and massage might damage lungs.