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Yes, so simple it is...

Test - PL A 1. There are aerodynamic forces generated on a body in flow. They are called:
the resultant aerodynamic force which is sum of lift and drag.
lift, mass and drag.
lift and overpressure.



2. Lift arises when an aerofoil is in flow due to the creation of a pressure differential above and below the aerofoil. What is the pressure below and above the aerofoil and what is the ratio of their sizes at normal angles of attack?
There is overpressure below the aerofoil and negative pressure above the aerofoil in the ratio of 1/3 of overpressure and 2/3 of negative pressure.
There is overpressure below the aerofoil and negative pressure above the aerofoil in the ratio of 1/3 of overpressure and 2/3 of negative pressure.




3. The aircraft falls when:
it gets over the critical angle of attack.
the aircraft take off weight is higher then maximum allowed.
the pilot makes too sharp turn.



4. If the pilot weight increases, the wing glide ratio:
decreases.
stays the same.
increases.



5. Lift is:
an area resistance given by the angle of attack.
a force generated by flow around a profile perpendicular to the drag force.
the resultant aerodynamic force generated by flow around a profile.



6. The lift acts:
always upwards from the aerofoil.
always perpendicularly to the chord.
always perpendicularly to the direction of flow attacking the aerofoil.



7. The induced drag can be reduced by:
the air foil thickness and special
aspect ratio and favorable wing tip shape.
the wing arrow and air foil thickness.



8. If the angle of attack increases, the forward speed:
increases.
decreases.
stays the same.



9. What type of precipitation can be expected on an active cold front?
Showers and thunderstorms.
Light persistent rain.
Drizzle.



10. The stratification of air in an inversion layer is:
indifferent.
stable.
unstable.



11. The main cause of atmospheric convection is:
the day and night temperature difference.
sufficient air heating on the earth's surface during unstable stratification.
uneven heating of the earth's surface of different colors.



12. Which of the phenomena occurring on the II. kind cold front are particularly dangerous for low-flying aircraft?
Drop of cloud base, sometimes even to the ground.
High pressure and temperature drop.
Strong turbulence limited to the narrow space of vortex - the microburst, with axis approximately at the base of Cb - cumulonimbus cloud.



13. Clouds classified as high level clouds constitute of:
ice crystals.
hail.
supercooled water droplets.



14. The 10 m/s wind speed is:
36 km/h.
30 km/h.
33,3 km/h.



15. Turbulence is defined as:
forces increasing the aircraft’s velocity.
forces acting on the aircraft in different directions and giving this aircraft various supplementary accelerations.
forces acting on the aircraft in vertical directions.



16. In stronger wind it is better to take off:
at the top of the mountain.
so that the canopy is at the level of mountain top and the pilot a bit lower.
down at a sufficient distance from the mountain top.



17. When entering a thermal current:
the glider informs the pilot by its movements about the strength of the lift and usually also about which direction is better to turn.
the glider usually tends to collapse and therefore the pilot should break a bit before turning.
the canopy always tends to collapse and therefore the pilot must brake.



18. An asymmetric collapse of about 1/2 of the leading edge should be solved by:
weight shift into the collapsed side and light break of the non collapsed side to keep the glider in straight flight.
no inputs in steering letting the glider reinflate.
weight shift into the non collapsed side and light break of the same side to keep the glider in straight flight.



19. What are the possible wind direction indicators in a strange place where there is no wind sock?
Positions of gliders on the ground which landed earlier.
Circling of birds of prey, direction of cloud shades movement and waves on water surfaces.
Grass waves, smoke, tree shaking, moving dust or other light objects in the air.



20. By releasing the speed system the flight speed is:
unaffected; only the angle of attack increases.
decreased.
increased.



21. What does the term „spin” mean?
Symmetric paragider stall.
A spiral.
Asymmetrical (one side) paraglider stall.



22. Contour lines are curves connecting points of the same:
declination.
alitude.
negative hight, so called dephtines.



23. Geographical North and South:
do not change location.
are influenced by the Earth’s magnetism.
change location depending on annual periods.



24. Time is reported:
in hours, minutes and seconds, so that a minute begins with 31. sec of a past minute and ends with 30. sec of actual minute.
in hours, minutes and seconds, so that a minute begins with 1. sec and ends with 60. sec.
in degrees.



25. Sooner then in Prague, the sun rises in:
London.
Paris.
Moscow.



26. An aircraft on bearing 265 in a wind 085 is flying:
with the wind.
against the wind.
perpendicularly to the wind from left.



27. The flight velocity displayed by GPS is:
ground speed.
indicated air speed.
true air speed.



28. During ground handling training the glider lifts the pilot above the ground in a wind gust unexpectedly. The correct procedure is:
to pull and release the steering repeatedly and by such flapping go back to the ground.
to pull the steering fully.
to release the steering and fly, steer and land back to the ground.



29. For emergency landing You would prefer:
water.
buildings.
trees.



30. After a tall tree landing:
you should climb down as fast as possible to show that you are OK.
you should wait until your friends come and then you climb down while they are ready to catch you if needed.
you should do maximum via reachable means to get professional rescue help (a cellphone or radio call, waiting for friends, whistle ect.)



31. When sucked in a vertically developed cloud the best to do is:
to keep circling through the cloud as high as possible and so fly over it.
to perform the most effective escape maneuver and try to keep flying against the wind.
to steer the glider straight into the lightest part of the cloud.



32. You miscounted the landing approach and need to shorten it. You are 30 m above the ground:
By flying in figure eight or S turns you loose hight before the final glide.
By pulling tips of the wing via the right lines you can reduce the effective surface of the wing and glide under a better angle to the ground.
In such altitude is best to make a 360 turn.



33. After an asymmetric collapse the correct procedure is:
weight shift in the not collapsed side of the glider and brake the same side slightly to stop rotation.maximálně se vyklonit na nezaklopenou stranu a také ji přibrzdit tak, aby nedošlo k rotaci
no sudden piloting inputs; a certified paraglider will return into straight flight itself.
pulling the steering on the not collapsed side quickly and fully to help the regeneration of the canopy.



34. Airdrome traffic zone - ATZ is:
a segregated airspace with a permanent information service.
a segregated airspace with air traffic control service.
a segregated airspace, which serves to protect airport operations.



35. VFR flights in C, D and E classes airspace may be carried out at a distance from clouds:
only the first at the cloud base pilot can fly in into the cloud.
outside the clouds and in visibility of ground.
at least 1500 m horizontally and 300 m vertically.



36. The period of validity of the medical certificate on health ability for Czech pilots is:
36 months for persons between 30 and 60 years of age.
12 months for persons above 60 years of age.
24 months for persons between 35 and 60 years of age.



37. VFR flights in Class G airspace must be carried out so that the aircraft flew:
outside the clouds with permanent ground visibility.
at a distance to the clouds more than 1,5 km horizontally and 150 m vertically.
at a distance to the clouds more than 5 km horizontally and 300 m vertically.



38. The upper limit of class E airspace is:
FL 95 (2900 m)
FL 85 (2600 m)
FL 125 (3800 m)



39. To indicate the height after passing through the transition altitude the setting goes from QNH values:
to the altimeter setting at QFE and vertical positions of the aircraft are expressed as hight above the ground.
to the altimeter setting at QFE of the target airport and vertical positions of the aircraft are expressed in hight over the target airport.
to the altimeter setting at the value of 1013.2 hPa and vertical positions of the aircraft are expressed in flight levels.



40. Airport operations are:
all traffic at the aerodrome area and all aircrafts flying in the vicinity of the airport.
all flying aircrafts and aircrafts on the aerodrome operational area.
all vehicles and persons operations on the aerodrome area.



41. A paraglider is the most damaged by:
UV rays, wet storage and abrasion.
sun and wrong packing.
winch tow flying, powered paragliding and operation on wet grass.



42. Risers are:
up-going thermal currents.
pilots who get up early.
the webbings which connect a glider's suspension lines to a pilot's harness.



43. The telephone number of medical emergency service in the Czech Republic is:
158
155
150



44. A paraglider in a spin fell nearby. On our approach he lies on his back, unconscious, not breathing, bluish. No clearly visible injury is obvious. We'll call an ambulance and firstly:
lay the afflicted in the anti-shock position with head underlaid.
free the airway by backward head tilt.
lay the afflicted in the stabilized position.



45. "Secondary examination" of an injury afflicted means:
the second (and next) control examination to determine if there is a deterioration in the status.
an inspection of afflicted "head to toe" in order to uncover any injury changes on body.
an examination by another independent person to verify the initial conclusions.



46. During ridge soaring after a collapse about 10 meters above ground a pilot landed hard on his left side; He is obviously shaken, however gets up, then collapses, is pale, reports pain in his hip, shakes, he wants to sleep, a little confused, but strictly refuses an offered call for an ambulance. The procedure will be:
We lay him in shade into semi sitting position and check him occasionally during flying. If his condition gets worse, we call help.
We lay him in the anti-shock position with his feet up, cover him and call an ambulance.
We are trying to calm him down, keep him in a position which is the most comfortable for him, cover him and call the emergency services.



47. Choose the true statement about the obligation to provide first aid:
If there is serious injury, everybody is obliged to provide first aid; this assistance must not endanger the life or health of the firstaider.
The obligation to provide first aid is only moral and it is not legally enforceable.
Everyone who witnesses an accident is obliged to provide first aid, regardless of the severity of injury and danger.



48. Choose the true statement about a position of an unconscious afflicted:
If the afflicted is reliably breathing in the current position, we leave him in this position.
The unconscious injury afflicted should always be placed on his back with his head tilted back.
The unconscious afflicted must not be moved to eliminate the risk of further spine and spinal cord damage.



49. If it is obvious that the action of rescue helicopter is necessary, in the Czech Republic it is preferably needed to call number:
112
155
1210



50. If one layer of pressure bandage is not enough to stop bleeding from a wound on leg:
We urge the arrival of emergency services and re-emphasize the urgency of the case.
We apply another 1 or 2 layers or, if still not enough, use a tourniquet.
We take off the old bandage and apply a new one and tighten it better.