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Test - PL A 1. When increasing the angle of attack:
the lift coefficient increases and drag coefficient decreases.
the lift coefficient and drag coefficient decrease.
the lift coefficient and drag coefficient increase.

2. The induced drag can be reduced by:
the air foil thickness and special
aspect ratio and favorable wing tip shape.
the wing arrow and air foil thickness.

3. A paraglider stall occures when:
the glider overcomes the pilot when taking off.
the pilot breaks too much.
the speed system is pushed too fast.

4. What kind of change of flow speed and static pressure causes the widening of streamlines in a specified place?
The speed will decrease, the static pressure will decrease.
The speed will increase, the static pressure will increase.
The speed will decrease, the static pressure will increase.

5. The optimal gliding ratio can be flown:
with two different angles of attack.
with just one angle of attack.
with critical angle of attack.

6. Which of the following pilot inputs increases the angle of attack?
Releasing the steering.
Pulling the steering.
Pushing the speed system.

7. The inner wing side angle of attack of a turning paraglider:
is changing because the wing banks in the same moment.
is not changing.
is changing due to a change of trailing edge position.

8. Bringing a paraglider close to the critical angle of attack is manifested by:
significant rise of forces in steering lines.
sudden increase of descent rate.
decrease of steering forces.

9. Which of the layers of Earth's atmosphere is characterized by vertical movements?

10. Among free-convective low-level clouds is:
As - altostratus
St - stratus
Cu - cumulus

11. Which cloud type may indicate the presence of strong turbulence?
Altocumulus lenticularis

12. At what altitude the barometric pressure reaches about a half the pressure to the mean sea level?
5500 m MSL
3000 m MSL
7000 m MSL

13. The part of cyclone between the warm and cold fronts is called:
the ridge of higher pressure.
the front line.
the warm sector.

14. How the air masses move in a warm front?
Cold air shifts above the warm air mass.
Warm air shifts below the cold air mass.
Warm air shifts above the cold air mass.

15. Clouds in troposphere form from:
water vapor.

16. Spiral is performed by:
weight shift in the intended turning side, pulling the steering on that side and pulling down the front riser on the other side.
a smooth transition from a turn into sharper and sharper turn via gradually increased brake input and body weight shift in the same side in which turning.
pulling at first both the brakes and then loosening one brake all the way up while the other pulling completely down - the paraglider descends circling in a dynamic and fast rotation.

17. The heading of aircraft and its direction of movement compare to ground is:
the same when flying in no wind or exactly against the wind or with the wind.
the same when flying in no wind or with the wind exactly from left or right.
always the same.

18. B-stall is performed by:
by gradual pulling the rear row risers.
by gradual pulling the first row risers.
by pulling the second row risers.

19. When entering a thermal current:
the canopy shoots forward and can collapse.
the canopy lilts backwards and can shoot forward afterwards.
the canopy tilts sidewards and can get asymmetric collapse.

20. When entering a thermal current:
the glider informs the pilot by its movements about the strength of the lift and usually also about which direction is better to turn.
the glider usually tends to collapse and therefore the pilot should break a bit before turning.
the canopy always tends to collapse and therefore the pilot must brake.

21. When entering a downdraft:
the canopy shoots forward and there is a danger of frontal collapse.
the canopy tilts backwards and can shoot forward afterwards.
the canopy tilts sidewards and can get asymmetric collapse.

22. Sooner then in Prague, the sun rises in:

23. Geographical meridian is:
a segment of a circle whose plane is perpendicular to the earth's axis.
a half of meridian circle.
a circle around the globe.

24. 225 degrees is direction:
south east.
south west.
north west.

25. The globe is:
ideal sphere.
a rotating ellipsoid flattened at the poles.
a net of coordinate lines.

26. Comparative navigation involves:
comparison of data of navigation devices (GPS) with a map.
comparing the calculated times with the reality.
comparing terrain with a map and vice versa.

27. 045 degrees is direction:
north west.
south west.
north east.

28. If a pilot is being dragged by strong wind along the ground, he should:
wait until the glider stops itself.
pull the steering lines or rear lines/risers.
pull the A risers or lines.

29. The best when blown behind a ridge is: Při přefouknutí přes kopec je nejbezpečnější
to fly with the wind as far as possible to a possible emergency landing field.
to do big ears which will help to fly through turbulences by increasing surface load of the wing.
to use a reserve parachute which is more stable in turbulences.

30. Before a landing into still water it is necessary:
to undo the harness buckles so it was possible to leave it at the moment of contact with water.
to jump out of the harness about 3 to 5 m above the water surface.
to turn the glider against the wind.

31. During flight a pilot should have his cellphone (if it is available):
in any place, because he cannot telephone during flight anyway.
in the back harness pocket so it could not break or harm the pilot in case of accident.
in a place, where he can reach it by any hand from the flying position.

32. For emergency landing You would prefer:

33. If during a flight the reserve parachute drops out accidentally and opens:
I should try to collapse the glider canopy by pulling rear risers or steering to minimise its influence into reserve parachute flight and I should get prepared for landing.
I prepare for the landing on the rescue, nothing else can be done anyway.
I should collapse the rescue parachute by pulling its lines.

34. VFR flights in C, D and E classes airspace may be carried out at a distance from clouds:
outside the clouds and in visibility of ground.
at least 1500 m horizontally and 300 m vertically.
only the first at the cloud base pilot can fly in into the cloud.

35. A light aircraft can be steered by:
a pilot who holds a valid pilot license with the appropriate qualifications or a student pilot under the conditions laid down in the training curriculum.
a pilot who holds a valid pilot license with the appropriate qualifications or a person authorized by the light aircraft operator in the presence of the pilot, or a student pilot under the conditions laid down in the training curriculum.
a pilot who holds a valid assessment on medical fitness or a student pilot under the conditions laid down in the training curriculum.

36. To indicate the height after passing through the transition altitude the setting goes from QNH values:
to the altimeter setting at the value of 1013.2 hPa and vertical positions of the aircraft are expressed in flight levels.
to the altimeter setting at QFE of the target airport and vertical positions of the aircraft are expressed in hight over the target airport.
to the altimeter setting at QFE and vertical positions of the aircraft are expressed as hight above the ground.

37. After landing at the airport, the altimeter set to the airport QFE indicates:
the airport altitude in standard atmosphere.
the airport altitude AMSL.

38. An overtaking plane is that which approaches the overtaken aircraft from behind on a line forming with a plane of symmetry of the overtaken aircraft angle of less than:
80 degrees.
60 degrees.
70 degrees.

39. The lower limit of a control zone (CTR) is formed by:
a specified altitude.
the upper limit of the G class air space.
the ground surface.

40. The aircraft must not fly at such a distance from other aircraft that would:
be less then 150m.
restrict the other aircraft.
create a collision hazard.

41. A paraglider is the most damaged by:
winch tow flying, powered paragliding and operation on wet grass.
UV rays, wet storage and abrasion.
sun and wrong packing.

42. Initial examination includes:
fast check of the afflicted „from head to toe” with emphasis on injury signs.
vital functions check according to the chart A-B-C.
finding the circumstances of the incident, the patient's problems and possible diseases which he is suffering.

43. A paraglider in a spin fell nearby. On our approach he lies on his back, unconscious, not breathing, bluish. No clearly visible injury is obvious. We'll call an ambulance and firstly:
lay the afflicted in the anti-shock position with head underlaid.
lay the afflicted in the stabilized position.
free the airway by backward head tilt.

44. "Secondary examination" of an injury afflicted means:
the second (and next) control examination to determine if there is a deterioration in the status.
an inspection of afflicted "head to toe" in order to uncover any injury changes on body.
an examination by another independent person to verify the initial conclusions.

45. Treatment of wounds and fractures fixation of the afflicted by the accident is in the first aid performed:
only after the afflicted is out of vital functions malfunction danger.
always as a priority on any wound or fracture.
always if there are gaping (deep) wounds and/or open fractures.

46. Improvised tourniquet is to be applied:
only at arm or thigh, between a wound and heart.
always about 10 - 15 cm above the wound.
anywhere between the wound and heart.

47. If improvised transport of an insured PG pilot is necessary (for example in difficult terrain), as the best means of transport will serve:
his paragliding harness.
the canopy folded in a suitable rectangular shape.
into a stretcher tied straight branches.

48. For the quality of resuscitation, the most crucial is:
the highest possible frequency of compressions.
timely starting and continuity of compressions.
the deepest compressions.

49. Resuscitation (animation) is needed to be performed if the afflicted:
is unresponsive and there is no pulse on carotid artery (the breathing state is not important).
is unresponsive, not moving, regardless of the state of breathing (a layperson is not able to reliably judge the respiratory status).
is unresponsive, not moving and not breathing, or only "gasping" breaths are seen.

50. When stopping bleeding by tourniquet, the principle is:
„If using tourniquet, then properly.“
„The tourniquet must not hurt.“
„The tourniquet must hurt.“