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Yes, so simple it is...

Test - PL A 1. What size and direction is the resultant aerodynamic force in a steady gliding flight?
It is the same size and of the opposite direction as the gravityy force.
It is oppositely oriented but smaller then gravity force and that is why the paraglider in steady air always descends.
It is equally oriented but smaller then gravity force and that is why the paraglider in steady air always descends.



2. When a paraglider is in steady flight in an ideal environment (no wind) at a glide ratio 6, then it means that:
it is flying at the speed of 6 m/s and the lift of the paraglider is 6 times greater then its drag.
the lift is 6 times greater then the drag.
the lift of the paraglider is 6 times less then its drag.



3. The lift on the aerofoil:
is created due to different speed of flow above nad below the aerofoil.
is generated by the Coriolis force and by equalizing pressure above and below the aerofoil.
is created due to angle of attack and change of air temperature above and below of the wing.



4. The polar line is a chart expressing:
the horizontal speed and angle of attack ratio.
the vertical speed and horizontal speed ratio.
the speed and drag ratio.



5. The main cause of the stall is always:
the start of transition of laminar flow into turbulent flow on the surface of the glider.
decreasing the flight speed under the minimum forward ground speed in a steady flight.
exceeding the critical angle of attack.



6. The dynamic stability of a paraglider means:
that it is easy to steer, especially in aerobatics.
that if unbalanced it returns into steady flight.
that if unbalanced it is not completely returning into steady flight.



7. At the critical angle of attack:
the lift coefficient reaches its maximum values, over further increasing of the angle of attack the lift coefficient decreases abruptly.
the drag coefficient drops abruptly.
the lift coefficient sharply increases.



8. Select the correct statement regarding the position of the unconscious affected with a severe trauma:
An insured unconscious affected person should always be placed in position on her back with her head tilted back.
If the affected is in the current position reliably breathing, I leave him in this position.
The basic rule is not to move the unconscious affected to eliminate the risk of further damage to the spine and spinal cord.



9. Convective activity in the mid-latitudes is the greatest:
at noon.
in summer at midday.
in winter at midday.



10. In the northern hemisphere by proceeding vertically from the ground, the wind direction is somewhat different from the direction measured at the ground and it turns:
right.
left.
It doesn’t turn.



11. The lowest layer of the atmosphere is called:
troposphere.
mesosphere.
stratosphere.



12. Turbulence is defined as:
forces acting on the aircraft in vertical directions.
forces increasing the aircraft’s velocity.
forces acting on the aircraft in different directions and giving this aircraft various supplementary accelerations.



13. Cooling speed of rising air saturated with water vapor is less than of unsaturated air because:
condensation releases heat.
water vapor absorbs heat radiated by air.
water vapor is not cooled as fast as dry air.



14. The speed of a thermal current depends on:
uneven heating of cyclonic thermal convective clouds.
time of day and season.
instability rate and air warming from the ground surface.



15. At what altitude the barometric pressure reaches about a half the pressure to the mean sea level?
5500 m MSL
3000 m MSL
7000 m MSL



16. When entering a thermal current:
the canopy always tends to collapse and therefore the pilot must brake.
the glider usually tends to collapse and therefore the pilot should break a bit before turning.
the glider informs the pilot by its movements about the strength of the lift and usually also about which direction is better to turn.



17. Spiral is performed by:
pulling at first both the brakes and then loosening one brake all the way up while the other pulling completely down - the paraglider descends circling in a dynamic and fast rotation.
weight shift in the intended turning side, pulling the steering on that side and pulling down the front riser on the other side.
a smooth transition from a turn into sharper and sharper turn via gradually increased brake input and body weight shift in the same side in which turning.



18. By releasing the speed system the flight speed is:
decreased.
increased.
unaffected; only the angle of attack increases.



19. When entering a downdraft:
the canopy shoots forward and there is a danger of frontal collapse.
the canopy tilts backwards and can shoot forward afterwards.
the canopy tilts sidewards and can get asymmetric collapse.



20. What does the term „spin” mean?
Symmetric paragider stall.
A spiral.
Asymmetrical (one side) paraglider stall.



21. So called escaping maneuvers include:
spiral, full-stall and B-stall.
spiral, spin and B-stall.
spiral, big ears and B-stall.



22. Magnetic north is a direction given by:
the theoretical line intersecting the earth center and the surface of the earth in points called magnetic north and magnetic south.
measurements on a map.
the compass needle free of any interferences.



23. The prime meridian is:
meridian, also called the base meridian, passing through Greenwich Observatory in England.
the meridian, at which the latitude and longitude equal 0.
a meridian not passing through observatory in Greenwich, but only a small circle.



24. The earth axix is a line intersecting the center of the earth perpendicularly to the equator. The points where this line intersects the earth surface are called poles and they are:
the magnetic poles.
the geological poles.
the marine poles.



25. 9 cm in map with 1 : 500 000 scale refers of real distance:
50 km
45 km
60 km



26. Geographic coordinates indicate:
certain geographical location.
time zone position.
certain place name.



27. The flight velocity displayed by GPS is:
indicated air speed.
true air speed.
ground speed.



28. For emergency landing a pilot would rather choose:
a forest road.
dense forest.
a lonely tree.



29. In strong wind a pilot flew in a place where his ground speed against the wind is zero:
He should fly with sidewind or windwards as the terrain allows as far as possible to an alternative landing field.
He should step in the speed bar and make big ears.
He should keep flying against the wind and emergency-land in the terrain below him.



30. When flying on speed system:
The paraglider will increase its speed and it will be more stabile thanks to better flow.
The paraglider will increase its speed and will be more prone to symmetrical or asymmetrical collapses.
The paraglider is prone to symmetrical or asymmetrical collapses.



31. If during a flight the reserve parachute drops out accidentally and opens:
I should try to collapse the glider canopy by pulling rear risers or steering to minimise its influence into reserve parachute flight and I should get prepared for landing.
I should collapse the rescue parachute by pulling its lines.
I prepare for the landing on the rescue, nothing else can be done anyway.



32. The best when blown behind a ridge is: Při přefouknutí přes kopec je nejbezpečnější
to do big ears which will help to fly through turbulences by increasing surface load of the wing.
to fly with the wind as far as possible to a possible emergency landing field.
to use a reserve parachute which is more stable in turbulences.



33. After a tall tree landing:
you should wait until your friends come and then you climb down while they are ready to catch you if needed.
you should climb down as fast as possible to show that you are OK.
you should do maximum via reachable means to get professional rescue help (a cellphone or radio call, waiting for friends, whistle ect.)



34. If two or more aircrafts heavier then air are approaching one airport with the intention to land and the avoidance rules do not apply, the priority of landing is as follows:
the slower aircraft gives way to the faster aircraft.
the aircraft flying higher gives way to the lower flying aircraft.
the aircraft flying on left gives way to the aircraft flying from right.



35. Flying a paraglider is allowed:
from sunset to sunrise.
only during a day, which means between morning civil twilight and evening civil twilight or in a similar period of time which can be designated by a competent authority.
in VFR conditions during a day; a day is considered as a time period between sunrise and sunset.



36. The paraglider canopy is damaged mostly by:
UV rays, mechanical abrasion and humidity.
mice and other wild rodents.
storage in dark and dry rooms.



37. A "P" technical certificate of a paraglider may be issued:
only to a paraglider which successfully passed its test program in accordance with AFNOR, PL - 2, DHV or CEN.
only to a paraglider which successfully passed its test program in accordance with AFNOR.
to any paraglider produced by a manufacturer authorized by LAA CR.



38. Restricted air space (LK R):
must not be passed through.
must be passed through.
can be passed through under specified conditions.



39. After landing at the airport, the altimeter set to the airport QFE indicates:
0.
the airport altitude AMSL.
the airport altitude in standard atmosphere.



40. A pilot must always have:
a proof of identity, a pilot's license or a student document, the airworthiness certificate, a proof of insurance for damage caused the aircraft operation, medical certificate of flying eligibility.
a pilot's license or a student document, the airworthiness certificate, a proof of insurance for damage caused the aircraft operation, medical certificate of flying eligibility.
a proof of identity, a pilot's license or a student document, the technical certificate of the aircraft, a proof of insurance for damage caused by the aircraft operation.



41. Risers are:
the webbings which connect a glider's suspension lines to a pilot's harness.
pilots who get up early.
up-going thermal currents.



42. Initial examination includes:
vital functions check according to the chart A-B-C.
fast check of the afflicted „from head to toe” with emphasis on injury signs.
finding the circumstances of the incident, the patient's problems and possible diseases which he is suffering.



43. The A-B-C protocol in initial examination stands for:
1. check the Airway, 2. check the Breathing and 3. restore the Circulation (using Compressions).
1. open the Airway with a head tilt, 2. start the artificial respiration = Breathing, 3. start the chest Compressions.
Anamnesis, Breathing,Chest injury check.



44. Choose the true statement about a position of a serious injury afflicted:
If the afflicted is communicating he should always be placed into position on the side (the "stabilized" or "recovery" position).
If the afflicted person actively takes some position, we do not prevent it.
If the afflicted is unconscious, he should always be placed in "anti-shock" position with legs and arms raised as high as possible to restore blood flow to the brain.



45. If one layer of pressure bandage is not enough to stop bleeding from a wound on leg:
We urge the arrival of emergency services and re-emphasize the urgency of the case.
We apply another 1 or 2 layers or, if still not enough, use a tourniquet.
We take off the old bandage and apply a new one and tighten it better.



46. For the quality of resuscitation, the most crucial is:
timely starting and continuity of compressions.
the deepest compressions.
the highest possible frequency of compressions.



47. Choose the true statement about using the thermal („space”) blanket:
This blanket can be also used as a tourniquet or improvised bandage.
The side doesn’t matter, the important is to wrap it tightly all around the patient.
The foil is a very good thermal isolation but does not protect against moisture - it can leak in strong rain.



48. The most essential first aid actions that can be performed in the event of serious accident are:
to stop heavy bleeding, clearing the airway and fight against heat loss.
gentle transportation to the place of professional help.
fixing the bone fractures, treatment of wounds and abrasions.



49. A pilot should have his mobile phone:
placed so that it could be reached in any position of pilot’s body.
switched off because the aviation regulations forbid the use of mobile phones in flight.
placed in the pocket of the harness so that it could not cause any injury in case of an accident.



50. To prevent heat loss the most effective is:
To wrap dressed afflicted tightly in an "anti-shock" foil.
To cover dressed afflicted gently with an "anti-shock" foil.
To wrap undressed afflicted tightly in an "anti-shock" foil.